The Feasts of the Lord
Old Testament 

​1. The Passover

This festival commemorated God's deliverance of Israel from Egypt.













​Leviticus 23:4-5
‘These are the feasts of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times. 5 On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover

​Exodus 12:14 (NKJV)
‘So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance

​The Exodus happened on April 12, 1260 BC​
Reference Link: Date of Exodus

​Jesus was crucified on April 3, 33AD
Reference Link: Date of Crucifixion

​Note:  Best dates available given the
validity of resources and research.



2. The Feast of Unleavened Bread

This festival connected with the Passover, commemorated Israel's hurried departure from Egypt and the associated hardships.











Leviticus 23:6-8 (NKJV)
And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread.

​Leaven or yeast in the Bible represents sin and/or evil.

The exodus was about 2.4 million Jews.
Some Egyptians also left with the Jews.
Reference:  The Exodus








3. The Feast of Firstfruits

To celebrate the first fruit in the new land as promised by God to their forefathers.














"​The Barley Harvest"

Leviticus 23:9-14 (NKJV)
9 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. 

It was a requirement that all able-bodied Jewish males travel to Jerusalem to attend the feast of Firstfruits each year. Their offerings were made at the temple as a way of expressing thanksgiving for God’s provision. 








4. The Feast of Weeks/Pentecost/
    Shavout

​The Jews were commanded to “present an offering of new grain to the Lord”













                "The Wheat Harvest"

​Leviticus 23:16 (NKJV)
Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the Lord.

The Feast of Weeks takes place exactly 50 days after the Feast of Firstfruits.

To the Jews, this feast is known as Shavout, which is the Hebrew word meaning “weeks.” It was exactly 7 weeks.

​It took seven weeks—49 days—from when the Jewish people left Egypt until they received the Torah from God at the foot of Mount Sinai.








5. The Feast of Trumpets

​The Feast of Trumpets marked the beginning of ten days of consecration and repentance before God. 













           "Olive and Grape Harvest"

Leviticus 23:23-25 (NKJV)
23 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.’”

​To the Jews today, this feast is known as Rosh Hashanah which means "Head of the Year" because it marks the beginning of the Jewish civil calendar.

It appears that the shofar (ram’s horn) was to be blown at this time, as it was on the other new moons (Psalm 81:3). 

Ten Days of Repentance” or the “Days of Awe.” The trumpet sound was an alarm of sorts and can be understood as a call to introspection and repentance.


6. The Day of Atonement

Yom Kippur also known as the "Day of Atonement" is ​the holiest day of the Jewish year.










Leviticus 23:27-28 (NKJV)
27 “Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. 28 And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God.

This was the only day the High Priests could enter the Holy of Holies and call upon the Name YHVH and offer blood sacrifice for the sins of the people.

This day marked the great day of intercession made by the High Priests on behalf of Israel.


7. The Feast of Tabernacles/Booths

A feast to remember God's protection of Israel during the 40 years in the desert after the exodus from Egypt.












Leviticus 23:33-34
33 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 34 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord. 

The temporary booths symbolized the human need to depend upon God for His provision of food, water, and shelter.

Later after Israel entered the promised land, Sukkot was associated with the Fall harvest and came to be known as the Festival of Ingathering at the end of the year.

Sukkot represents the time of restored fellowship with the Lord and represents God's presence dwelling among His redeemed people.

​Sukkot marks the end of the agricultural season for the year and also the end of the Torah reading cycle for the year.

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New Testament

1. Christ Jesus is our Passover

The Crucifixion took place during the Feast of Passover.  













The Old Covenant required blood animal sacrifices offered by men. The Covenant was ratified once and for all by the death of Christ. Jesus personally institutes the Lord's Supper as a remembrance of His offering.

1 Corinthians 11:23-25 (NKJV)
For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat;[a] this is My body which is broken[b] for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
​​
In Egypt the Jew marked his house with the blood of the lamb. Today the Christian marks his/hers spiritual body with the blood of Christ.


2. The Feast of Unleavened Bread

Jesus was put in the grave during the feast of unleavened bread.
















​1 Corinthians 5:7-8 (NKJV)
Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.[a] 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

Note: Just as unleavened bread symbolized being freed from Egypt by the Passover. So the church has now been separated from the dominion of sin and death by Christ Jesus.


3. The Feast of Firstfruits

The Resurrection took place during the Feast of Firstfruits.




















​1 Corinthians 15:20-23 (NKJV)
The Last Enemy Destroyed
20 But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. 23 But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming. 

Jesus was the first person to rise from the dead and then all other believers will follow who are believers.



4. The Feast of Weeks/Pentecost/
    Shavout

The Outpouring of the Holy Spirit took place during the Feast of Pentecost.













Christians know this day as Pentecost which is the Greek word for Shavout (Fifty).

​Acts 2:1-4 (NKJV)
Coming of the Holy Spirit
When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord[a] in one place. 
2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 
3 Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Fifty days after His resurrection and after ascending to heaven to sit at the right hand of God, Jesus sent the Holy Spirit as promised (John 14:16–17) to indwell the disciples and empower them for ministry. The promised Holy Spirit arrived on the Day of Pentecost, which is another name for the Feast of Weeks.


5. The Feast of Trumpets

The Day of The Lord, the future Day of Judgment.










Joel 2:1 (NKJV)
Blow the trumpet in Zion,
And sound an alarm in My holy mountain!
Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble;
For the day of the Lord is coming,
For it is at hand:

Just as the shofar called the Jewish nation to turn their attention to the Lord and ready themselves for the Day of Atonement, so will the “trump of God” call us to heaven and warn the world of coming judgment.


















6. The Day of Atonement

On the Day of Atonement, Christians humble themselves before God remembering the awesome sacrifice of the Lamb of God, the Messiah, Jesus Christ, whose blood atoned for our sins.














​Hebrews 9:22 (NKJV)
And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission.








7. The Feast of Tabernacles

Jesus and The Holy Spirit are now our personal protection and provider.















​John 8:12 (NKJV)
Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have the light of life.”

John 7:37-38 (NKJV)
The Promise of the Holy Spirit
37 On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” 
The Millennium

​1. The Passover

Passover "The Feast of Salvation" will be  celebrated to never forget what Jesus did.













Ezekiel 45:21 (NKJV)
“In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall observe the Passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.

God will forever cause His people to be reminded how He delivered them from the bondage of Egypt and brought them to Himself.  He also lead them to occupy their new land with goodness and blessings by His sovereign power and entered the new covenant by the blood of Jesus.

Sacrifices will not be re-instated since the death of Christ Jesus makes our redemption complete. The feast is also celebrated as a memorial during The Millennium for unbelievers and serves as a symbol to reference the Lord's ultimate act of love and redemption as the Passover Lamb of God.


2. The Feast of Unleavened Bread

Ezekiel 45:21 (NKJV)
“In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall observe the Passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.

Note:  The same passage noted above is also noted for Passover with reference to the Millennium which suggests that they may be celebrated together as one feast in the Millennium... this feast may no longer be celebrated in the Millennium.





















3. The Feast of Firstfruits

Omitted... 

The Feast of Firstfruits will not be recognized any longer in the millennium because the resurrection of Christ Jesus has already been fulfilled. Jesus will be in the presence of His people. (1 Corinthians 15:20-23)
































4. The Feast of Weeks/Pentecost/
     Shavout

Omitted...

​The Feast of Pentecost was fulfilled in the establishment of the Church at Pentecost fifty days after the resurrection of Jesus.
(I Corinthians 10:16; 12:12-13)


































5. The Feast of Trumpets

Omitted...

The Feast of Trumpets will be fulfilled in the future regathering of Israel at the beginning of the Kingdom.
(Isaiah 18:3, 7; 27:12-13; Ezekiel 37:1-14)
(Matthew 24:31)



































6. The Day of Atonement

Omitted...

​The day of Atonement will be fulfilled in its prophetic features in the final conversion of “all Israel” at the Second Coming.
(Zechariah 12:10-13; 13:1 / Romans 11:26)

























7. The Feast of Tabernacles

This feast will be a memorial and a celebration of the Messiah's reign and Israel's return to the land.  God will have fulfilled all of His promises to His people for that particular time.













The Nations will worship the King!
Zechariah 14:16-21 (NKJV)
16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.

... The great ingathering of the nations!!

There will be consequences for those who do not attend the annual feast.
17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain. 18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.

The Lord will celebrate the seventh feast, the Feast of Tabernacles, when He places His own tabernacle here in Jerusalem. The world will come up to the temple every year to worship Him in Israel.  This will be a glorious time to worship Jesus in person.
In Leviticus 23, God imparted the biblical feasts to Moses on Mt. Sinai for the Jewish nation Israel. The feasts are to teach the Jewish people about His character and to help them understand His plan of salvation. God gave each feast to teach his people about Him and His relationship to them. Each and every one of the seven Jewish Feasts signifies an important aspect of God’s plan of redemption through Christ Jesus. It foreshadows the coming Messiah and His ministry. There is incredible unity between the Old and New Testaments. Over 1/3rd of the New Testament is composed of Old Testament quotes, thus the validation and fulfillment of prophecy.   

But all Christians who have been "grafted in" to the olive tree (Romans 11:17) share in the rich heritage and roots of Israel. What is even more profound is how the fulfillment of major Old Testament prophecy occurred in the New testament at the exact same time tables of the seven Old testament Jewish feasts. Needless to say that the final Feast of Tabernacles in the Millennium will complete the final plan of salvation by God that He originated with Israel. Simply amazing! We serve a mighty God.

We created a table below to illustrate the Feasts of the Lord in all three time periods. It is helpful to study the table in both the vertical and horizontal paths to learn God's design, methods, and purpose of His overall plan of salvation for the world. You should then understand why it is a blessing for Christians to celebrate the Feasts of the Lord when we step back and see the bigger picture of God's salvation. It is awesome to study The Passover in the OT but to live and experience Jesus as our Passover in the NT, and then to actually see our Lord Savior and tabernacle with Jesus in the Millennium.  It is safe to say that now you can see the Bible as God's intense love story to redeem His people.
The Feasts of the Lord for the Hebrew Year 5777
On the Hebrew/Biblical calendar a day begins and ends at dusk
Oct 2-3 . 2016
The Feast of Trumpets
Rosh Hashanah
 "Head of the Year"
The Days of Awe 
Oct  11-12 . 2016
Day of Atonement
Yom Kippur
Holiest Day of Jewish Year
10 Days
Oct 16-23 . 2016
The Feast of 
Tabernacles/Booths
5 Days
The Fall Feasts
April 11-12 . 2017
The Passover
April 12-19 .  2017
The Feast of Unleavened Bread
The Day after Passover
April 15-16 .  2017
The Feast of Firstfruits
June 3-4 .  2017
The Feast of Pentecost
Weeks
Shavout
The Spring Feasts
50 Days
1 Day
3 Days
September 2014
Dec 24 . 2016
Hanukkah
Festival of Lights
Mar 11 . 2017
Purim
Feasts of Lots
                                                Chanukah / Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after a group of Jewish warriors defeated                                                 the occupying mighty Greek armies against impossible odds. Hanukkah is the Jewish eight-day, wintertime “Festival of Lights,”                                                 celebrated with a nightly menorah lighting, special prayers and fried foods. Judah Maccabee and the other Jews who took part in                                                 the rededication of the Second Temple witnessed what they believed to be a miracle. Even though there was only enough                                                 untainted olive oil to keep the menorah’s candles burning for a single day, the flames continued flickering for eight nights, leaving                                                 them time to find a fresh supply. This wondrous event inspired the Jewish people to proclaim a yearly eight-day festival.

                                                The message of Hanukkah today for the Christian is that in the midst of destruction there is mercy. The issue with Hanukkah was                                                 that the light will not go out. In the midst of any destruction, God will find a way to impart mercy to you. No matter what aspect of                                                 destruction you are dealing with—external, internal, physical or spiritual—God has a way to impart mercy to build the future. His                                                 grace is sufficient and His love is everlasting. 

                                                Purim celebrates the deliverance of the Jewish people from the wicked Haman in the days of Queen Esther of Persia recorded
                                                in the book of Esther. It is also called the Feasts of Lots. Haman had cast lots (Purim) to determine the day on which to destroy 
                                                the Jews. Esther and Mordecai declared... "as the days on which the Jews had rest from their enemies, as the month which                                                 was turned from sorrow to joy for them, and from mourning to a holiday; that they should make them days of feasting and joy, of                                                 sending presents to one another and gifts to the poor. (Esther 9:22)  There are many messages today for the Christian to
                                                celebrate Purim. One important meaning for today is to know that God's sovereignty will always defeat the plans of Satan.
Additional Jewish Holidays